Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)

Magnetic resonance imaging – also known as MRI or MRT (magnetic resonance tomography) – is a method for creating three-dimensional images of the body without using X-rays.; The technology uses strong magnetic fields combined with high-frequency electromagnetic waves in the VHF waveband. This imaging

technology is used mainly in medical diagnostics to represent the structures and functioning of tissues and organs in the body. Magnetic resonance imaging allows specialists to create cross-sections of the human (and animal) bodies to equip diagnosticians to evaluate the functioning of organs and to identify a wide range of changes in such organs indicating illness.
Magnetic resonance imaging has developed into one of the most important medical diagnostic procedures available today for early identification of illness in internal organs. Early use of magnetic resonance imaging substantially speeds up diagnosis of a variety of ailments, allowing treatment to be initiated in time and removing any need to engage in any other unnecessary diagnostic procedures.

Effects on patients

MRI is an entirely safe and harmless procedure. Due to the powerful magnetic field and electromagnetic waves used by MRI, however, patients with cardiac pacemakers, insulin or pain relief pumps or cochlear implants should not be subjected to MRI unless absolutely necessary.

When do we need to use MRI?

In the case of the following diseases, MRI can provide the crucial information required for early diagnosis of the following conditions:

  • Inflammations and tumours in the head and brain
  • Headaches, hearing problems, tinnitus, dizziness, vision disorders
  • Epilepsy, dementia, changes in personality
  • Hoarseness, difficulties in swallowing, ailments of the larynx
  • Stroke diagnostics (diagnostics of blood vessels in the neck and head)
  • Liver disease, ailments of the gallbladder, pancreas and kidneys
  • Lymph node ailments
  • Ailments of the skeletal system (bones, ligaments, tendons, muscles, intervertebral discs, etc.)
  • Problems with the spinal column and joints
  • Rheumatic illnesses
  • Early diagnosis of breast and prostrate tumours
  • Early diagnosis of abdominal tumours (e.g. of the large intestine)
  • Detection of metastasis in carcinomas